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NASA's Landmark Twins Study Reveals Resilience Of Human Body In Space
Results from NASA's landmark Twins Study, which took place from 2015-2016, were published Thursday in Science. The integrated paper -- encompassing work from 10 research teams -- reveals some interesting, surprising and reassuring data about how one human body adapted to -- and recovered from -- the extreme environment of space.
The Twins Study provides the first integrated biomolecular view into how the human body responds to the spaceflight environment, and serves as a genomic stepping stone to better understand how to maintain crew health during human expeditions to the Moon and Mars.
Retired NASA astronauts Scott Kelly and his identical twin brother Mark, participated in the investigation, conducted by NASA's Human Research Program. Mark provided a baseline for observation on Earth, and Scott provided a comparable test case during the 340 days he spent in space aboard the Internati
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Mental Health Needs Of Children, Youth On The Rise
Over the last several years, providers saw a marked increase in mental health diagnoses, use of psychiatric medications, and outpatient care for mental health conditions among the diverse population of children in the Military Health System (MHS), according to a new study published by researchers at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU). These findings suggest the mental health care needs of children and youth are increasing and more child health care providers may be needed in both the military and civilian health care system. The study, “Mental Health Trends in Military Pediatrics,” was published in Psychiatric Services on April 10.
Using a Military Health System database of patient records, the team of USU researchers retrospectively reviewed trends in mental health conditions, treatment, and psychiatric medication prescriptions from 2003 to 2015 in childre
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The Value Of Vaccinations: Separating Facts From Myths
One of the greatest medical breakthroughs of modern civilization — vaccinations — has become increasingly controversial in recent years.
Parents are urged to give their children vaccinations soon after birth and throughout adolescence. And though vaccines are usually part of a routine doctor’s visit, some parents question their value.
Johan C. Bester, UNLV School of Medicine Bioethics Director, said vaccinations, quite simply, protect us from vaccine-preventable diseases that are extremely dangerous.
Outbreaks of preventable diseases have been occurring nationwide and are steadily increasing. From 2017 to 2018 — the course of just one year — the number of measles cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) more than tripled from 120 to 372.
In 2019, confirmed cases have already surpassed last year’s total, with 465 reported cases to date. This is the second
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Getting Back To Work After A Heart Attack
Heart attack patients with the desire to return to work can do it. That's the main message of a paper published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).1
"Patients who believe they can still do their job and want to go back will make a success of it,"2 said lead author Dr Rona Reibis, of the University of Potsdam, Germany. "After a heart attack it is very rare for patients to be physically unable to perform their previous duties, including heavy work."
Between 67% and 93% of patients with acute coronary syndromes - which include heart attack and unstable angina (chest pain) - return to work in two to three months. But after a year, one in four quit. Among those over 55, women are less likely to go back to employment than men. This paper outlines the reasons and gives practical advice on how to successfully reintegrat